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2018年5月20日 (日)

英語版 ”Time consciousness in the neural illusion” 執筆開始!

 ついに執筆開始。前に拙ブログでも予告したように、「英語版」のみのオリジナル要素(月がいつも地球の方を向いている理由)も入れるつもりですが、とりあえずプロローグができあがりましたのでアップしておきます。
 最初のプロローグを半分ぐらい流用していますので、オリジナル部分(増補版の序)は残り半分ぐらいですが…

 題名は副題無しの”Time consciousness in the neural illusion” にしようかと思っています。ホームページ「熊男の住処」で公開している題名なので。

Prologue

When we are children, we must have been surprised by the wonder of time.
"When did the flow of time start?"
"Supposing time has beginning, is it in what kind of condition before that?"

The flow of time is extremely daily existence. We live while always minding time. I mind the running time of the movie and mind the deadline of the work, and the children live while minding the end time for class.
And while the flow of the time is an usual existence, it is a very strange existence. Einstein who is a famous theoretical physicist said, "The flow of the time expands and contracts." It is not necessarily the talk limited to the special science territory.
I was absorbed in reading in one book at childhood. When I noticed after a while, the surrounding atmosphere is different a while ago. Although it must have been daytime, it is gloomy the inside of the room and children's play voice has also disappeared from surroundings. Surroundings are already the evening and mother is preparing supper in kitchen. When it is absorbed in something, time passes away in the twinkling of an eye. Conversely, while doing the disagreeable thing, time does not progress, so that it is felt irritating. Is this only a problem of a feeling? The speed of those time is extremely different. What is this "feeling" first of all?
It is the main purpose of this book to prove that there is time that flows at this moment only as a result of our recognition.
Many hypotheses are told in this book. They all began from one hypothesis. It is the hypothesis that one structure in people's brain has produced time recognition. To be exact, the structure is only to become able to explain a flow of time simply if we think like that. However, possibility to solve the mystery of various fields about time is created if it is true. Besides, we can get a clue thinking about mind of we oneself that lives while recognizing time. In this book, I want to check the truth and utility of the structure by explaining them.

Furthermore, another "arrow" exists in this book. It is called "the arrow of time" in physics. Although "the paradox of a Flying Arrow" and "the arrow of time" are different concepts, they are common at the point with one theme "what kind of existence the flow of time is."
The simple question shown in the beginning is connected with the concept of "symmetry." Most usual physical phenomena have "symmetry." "Symmetry" includes the quality of reversibility. "Reversibility" is not contradictory when a physical phenomenon is thought of conversely. For example, suppose that we are in space. Suppose that two astronauts in weightlessness collided. At this time, we are not decided that which astronaut separates. Each astronaut's relation changed. It is only the subjectivity of the person who observes the phenomenon that it seems that one pilot separates. Moreover, suppose that the operation of "colliding" was recorded. The conclusion as one a "motion" satisfactorily when it is made reverse. That is, almost all physical phenomena have reversibility and symmetry.
But "the flow of time" flows into the future from the past only at one side. That is, as for "the flow of time", symmetry is broken. This is a mystery called "arrow of time."
We live in "the flow of time" and feel it as a natural thing. But there must certainly be the starting point in a "flow." Considering "the beginning of time", anyone falls into a thinking stop. That is because it is exactly "nothing." Even if we can think of something, we are difficult to think of "the condition that there is nothing." We do not have the mind strong like it is possible. Therefore, we ignore the "beginning of time" which must be an everyday problem, and are living.
In this book, I noted that "the flow of time" was in "the condition that symmetry was broken." And I set "the condition of maintaining symmetry" as the definition "before the flow of time." I would like to explain "the condition that the symmetry of all things was maintained" using some hypotheses.
There is the word "Occam's razor." If explaining one phenomenon has multiple interpretations, the simplest thing in them is the right interpretation. Logical compatibility and simplicity are the strong point of the hypothesis shown in this book. Furthermore, it also has the actual proof possibility by experiment.
The words to use in this book are defined in this book. Therefore, this book is written so that the reader who does not have back ground at all can understand. When you have finished reading this book, you should want to observe by time around yourself and various light and sounds and words in your mind calmly.

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